The report discusses the development of the Afghanistan Drought Early Warning Decision Support (AF-DEWS) Tool, a cloud-based platform providing real-time information on drought conditions. The tool offers maps and data to help decision-makers analyze and predict drought conditions in Afghanistan. It includes indicators to assess meteorological, hydrological, and agricultural droughts. The authors evaluated the 2018 widespread drought event, which affected over 13 million people in 22 provinces, using key drought indices and satellite-derived data. This demonstrated the tool’s ability to support early warning and preparedness measures. The report summarizes the tool’s capabilities and how it can systematically monitor, detect, and forecast drought conditions, providing decision-makers with the information they need to make informed decisions. The study also highlights the impact of drought on crop production, using satellite-derived data and observed wheat production data to demonstrate the tool’s effectiveness in informing risk reduction measures. The AF-DEWS Tool aims to be a valuable resource for monitoring and mitigating the impacts of drought in Afghanistan, supporting efforts to improve resilience and preparedness in the face of future drought events.