The impact of artificial intelligence (AI) is being recognized as potentially positive, but also in need of regulation. There are immediate risks for workers, such as increased stress levels and risks to privacy posed by AI. AI’s use in recruitment and surveillance also raises concerns about bias and discrimination. To address these risks, regulation should be guided by the principle of humans in control, ensuring transparency in the use of AI and allowing workers to collectively bargain about AI technology in the workplace. Governments will need to manage the transition to AI technologies and ensure it leads to sustainable and inclusive prosperity. There has been movement towards regulation, such as the EU’s Artificial Intelligence Act and President Biden’s recent Executive Order, but more action is needed to protect workers’ rights in the face of rapid technological innovation.