February 29, 2024

The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that the use of large generative AI models, like the ChatGPT model, carries risks that low-income societies and health systems may not be prepared to address. The WHO stressed the importance of technology not being solely shaped by high-income countries and large technology companies. The organization proposed six guiding principles for the design and use of AI in healthcare, and has issued new guidelines in response to the rapid uptake of LMMs. The report outlines major risks of using LMMs in diagnosis and clinical care, including biased data, and provides strategies for member states to develop policies to mitigate these risks. The WHO also emphasized the need for developers to consider the environmental impact of LMMs, as their electricity consumption can significantly affect climate change. The report was led by public health consultant, advocate, and lawyer Rohit Malpani, with guidance from Andreas Reis and Sameer Pujari of the WHO. Overall, the WHO is working to ensure that the use of LMMs in healthcare is ethically and responsibly guided, while also considering potential environmental and societal impacts.

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